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The PID is an infection of one or both fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are the 10-12 cm accessory ducts that run from the uterus to the corresponding two ovaries on either side of the uterus.

Causes of salpingitis

Salpingitis is most often caused by an infection with bacteria:
  • Chlamydia (70-80% of cases)
  • Gonococci
Salpingitis is usually transmitted by unprotected sex (vaginal or anal).

Who is affected? What are the risk factors?

Factors that increase the risk of being affected by salpingitis are:
  • Under 25 years (the highest number of women affected by chlamydia are in the 15 to 25 age group)
  • Have multiple sexual partners
  • Having unprotected sex
  • Have a sexual partner who may have been in contact with one of the bacteria in question
  • Have already suffered from another sexually transmitted infection


Salpingitis is transmitted by unprotected sexual intercourse, usually anal or vaginal, but also (rarely) during oral sex.

The main symptoms

The symptoms of salpingitis are not always detectable. When they are, they include:
  • A vaginal infection
  • Nauseating flows
  • A moderate fever
  • Pain and tension in the pelvic area
  • Painful and abundant menstruation
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Diarrhea (when the infection spreads to the intestines)
  • Menstrual cycle disorders


The diagnosis of salpingitis is made by means of a questionnaire on symptoms, a gynecological examination, specimens intended to identify the presence of the bacterium, an ultrasound and sometimes a laparoscopy.
In many cases, salpingitis goes unnoticed and is only detected in case of examinations related to, for example, an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.

Possible risks of complications

The complications related to salpingitis are:
  • The risk of having an ectopic pregnancy (the risk increases with each infection)
  • The formation of an abscess in one of the tubes of the uterus
  • Final fertility (50% risk after 3 episodes of salpingitis)

Treatment of salpingitis

When salpingitis is diagnosed early, it can be treated with antibiotics and analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the intensity of pain. Applying ice to painful areas can also help reduce pain.
The sexual partner must also be treated.
In cases of advanced salpingitis, hospitalization is required in order to take intravenous antibiotics and to perform surgery, if necessary (removal of the tubes, ovaries.)

Prevention of salpingitis

The ways to avoid salpingitis are:
  • The systematic use of condoms during vaginal / anal sex, a dental dam during oral sex
  • Routine screening of STIs
  • Prevent any sexual partner when diagnosed with salpingitis, to prevent the disease from being passed on to other people


The information contained in this sheet is for informational purposes only and will allow you to ask informed questions to your doctor. In no case can they replace the opinion of a health professional. Our team of writers and experts makes every effort to provide you with quality information. However, Canal Vie can not be held responsible if the contents of a file prove incomplete or obsolete. We remind you that it is strongly recommended to consult a doctor if you think you are suffering from a health problem.
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