Ebola fever

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The Ebola fever , also called viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF), a disease caused by a virus that was discovered for the first time in the mid 70. The name of the virus was copied from African countries where virus was initially detected. It is a very serious infection that is fatal in 30 to 90% of cases, depending on the region, the sanitary measures and the medical means available.

Causes of Ebola fever

The Ebola virus is initially present in a wild animal (bat, chimpanzee, gorilla), then it is transmitted to humans, for reasons that we do not know yet. Then, the disease is transmitted at breakneck speed between human beings, causing destructive epidemics in a short time.

Who is affected by Ebola? What are the risk factors?

The Ebola  spreads very quickly from person to person. It affects everyone regardless of age and gender. However, some people are at higher risk of contracting it, including:
  • Medical staff who care for the sick
  • Relatives of people carrying the virus
  • People who are in contact with wild animals or meat that could be infected

Contagion

The Ebola is highly contagious. It can be transmitted from one person to another by:
  • The blood
  • Breast milk
  • Saliva
  • Sperm
  • The sweat
  • Stool and urine
  • Vomiting
Any direct or indirect contact with these body fluids can cause a new infection. In addition, the incubation time of the disease lasts between 2 and 21 days (for an average of 8 to 10 days), and anyone unknowingly infected can therefore transmit the virus to others during this time.

The main symptoms of Ebola fever

The signs of an Ebola infection  are:
  • Sudden onset of very high fever (over 38.6 ° C)
  • Irritation and sore throat, coughing;
  • nausea;
  • Vomiting and diarrhea;
  • Headache;
  • Loss of total appetite: the patient does not want to eat anything;
  • Extreme fatigue;
  • Muscle aches;
  • Internal and external bleeding.

Diagnostic

If the onset of usual symptoms is insufficient to determine Ebola infection , blood tests are performed to identify the presence of the virus.

Possible risks of complications

In about 50% of cases, Ebola is fatal. Most often because patients become completely dehydrated.

Treatment of Ebola fever

There is currently no treatment or vaccine for Ebola , although several labs are actively developing an antiviral drug.
The treatment offered is mainly to calm the discomfort caused by the symptoms, and to avoid dehydration.

Prevention of Ebola fever

The only known way to prevent the spread of Ebola is to follow strict prevention measures:
  • Do not move to areas where the virus is present
  • Wear gloves when handling animals (or meat) that may be infected
  • Wear long clothing, a mask and gloves when in contact with a person carrying the virus
  • Quarantine infected people
  • Implement strict hygiene measures such as frequent handwashing
  • Be careful at the funerals of people who died as a result of the virus: they still carry the virus, so do not touch them
  • Avoid unprotected sex with a person who has contracted the disease for at least 7 weeks, even if it is cured: the virus is still present in sexual secretions, even if the patient seems completely recovered

Note

The information contained in this sheet is for informational purposes only and will allow you to ask informed questions to your doctor. In no case can they replace the opinion of a health professional. Our team of writers and experts makes every effort to provide you with quality information. However, Canal Vie can not be held responsible if the contents of a file prove incomplete or obsolete. We remind you that it is strongly recommended to consult a doctor if you think you are suffering from a health problem.
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